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When searching for information on this topic, potentially useful keywords to use include:

  • operational energy
  • energy efficiency + military
  • smart energy + military
  • green defense


♦   For each gallon of fuel to Afghanistan up to 4 gallons are consumed for transport.

♦   3000 US soldiers were killed or wounded from 2003 to 2007 in attacks on fuel and water convoys in Iraq and Afghanistan.

♦   On average there is one casuality for every 24 fuel resupply convoys to Afghanistan.

♦   Two thirds of the fuel that a conventional diesel generator burns is blown out as heat. Only one third is converted into electricity.

♦   In a typical military camp, 60-70% of fuel is used to produce electricity to heat/cool water or air.

♦   Today, a soldier carries an average of 7 different batteries weighing 8 kg (plus reserves).
These and more figures can be found in the journal articles, reports and websites featured under the directory bars above.

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LibGuide Smart Energy


This Smart Energy LibGuide serves as an information sharing platform on the topic of energy efficiency in the military. 


Allied Heads of State and Government agreed at the Chicago Summit in 2012 and the Wales Summit in 2014 that NATO should work “towards significantly improving the energy efficiency of our military forces.”

To this end, NATO’s Emerging Security Challenges Division (ESCD) has facilitated briefings, conferences and exhibitions with the aim to exchange information and lessons learned and to advance knowledge on technologies and best practices. A number of activities have been supported by NATO’s Science for Peace and Security (SPS) Programme.

A special SPS funded activity was the “Smart Energy Team” (SENT), comprised of eight experts from Allied and partner countries. During the period January 2013 till May 2015, the experts screened national and NATO documents and visited defence agencies to identify practical energy efficient solutions and to provide recommendations for NATO’s standards and best practices. The final comprehensive SENT report has been presented to Allies in September 2015.

The overall conclusion by experts:

Reducing fuel consumption in the military is an operational imperative. Smart Energy solutions cannot only save money when less fuel is used, but can also save soldiers' lives, and help improve the mobility, as well as the resilience and endurance of military forces.

An important milestone was reached when NATO's Emerging Security Challenges Division (ESCD) integrated Smart Energy solutions in the exercise Capable Logistician 2015 in Hungary, 8-19 June 2015. Over 50 pieces of equipment for Smart Energy production, storage, distribution and consumption, as well as soldier power, was used to respond to disaster scenarios and assess interoperabilty. Find out more under the button “Exercises”. The results were discussed and next steps prepared at the Smart Energy Post Exercise Workshop that took pace at NATO HQ on 3 March 2016. More information on the latest event can be found under "Calendar".

This Smart Energy LibGuide has been created and is maintained by ESCD. It serves as an information-sharing and awareness raising platform. Your contribution to this LibGuide with relevant, public material is highly appreciated. You can contact us here.