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When searching for information on this topic, potentially useful keywords to use include:

  • operational energy
  • energy efficiency + military
  • smart energy + military
  • green defense


♦   For each gallon of fuel to Afghanistan up to 4 gallons are consumed for transport.

♦   3000 US soldiers were killed or wounded from 2003 to 2007 in attacks on fuel and water convoys in Iraq and Afghanistan.

♦   On average there is one casuality for every 24 fuel resupply convoys to Afghanistan.

♦   Two thirds of the fuel that a conventional diesel generator burns is blown out as heat. Only one third is converted into electricity.

♦   In a typical military camp, 60-70% of fuel is used to produce electricity to heat/cool water or air.

♦   Today, a soldier carries an average of 7 different batteries weighing 8 kg (plus reserves).
These and more figures can be found in the journal articles, reports and websites featured under the directory bars above.

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LibGuide Smart Energy


This Smart Energy LibGuide serves as an information sharing platform on the topic of energy efficiency in the military. 


Since the Chicago Summit in 2012, Allied Heads of State and Government agreed that NATO should work “towards significantly improving the energy efficiency of our military forces.” They declared at the Warsaw Summit in 2016 (paragraph 135): "We will further improve the energy efficiency of our military forces through establishing common standards, reducing dependence on fossil fuels, and demonstrating energy-efficient solutions for the military."

To this end, NATO’s Emerging Security Challenges Division (ESCD) has facilitated briefings, conferences and exhibitions with the aim to exchange information and lessons learned and to advance knowledge on technologies and best practices. A list of selected events is available under "Calendar".

A special SPS funded activity was the “Smart Energy Team” (SENT), comprised of eight experts from Allied and partner countries. During the period January 2013 till May 2015, the experts screened national and NATO documents and visited defence agencies to identify practical energy efficient solutions and to provide recommendations for NATO’s standards and best practices. The final comprehensive SENT report that was presented to Allies in September 2015 is available under "Reports".

The overall conclusion by experts:

Reducing fuel consumption in the military is an operational imperative. Smart Energy solutions cannot only save money when less fuel is used, but can also save soldiers' lives, and help improve the mobility, as well as the resilience and endurance of military forces.

An important milestone towards advancing the topic further was reached when NATO's Emerging Security Challenges Division (ESCD) integrated Smart Energy solutions in the exercise Capable Logistician 2015 (CL15) in Hungary, 8-19 June 2015. Over 50 pieces of equipment for Smart Energy production, storage, distribution and consumption, as well as soldier power, was contributed by 14 companies, the German Bundeswehr and the U.S. Army to respond to disaster scenarios and assess interoperability. Find out more under the button “Exercises”.

The results were discussed and next steps prepared at the Smart Energy Post Exercise Workshop (SE PX WS) that took pace at NATO HQ on 3 March 2016. Following CL15 and the SE PX WS, NATO has started to mainstream energy efficiency and to update NATO standards. A NATO Smart Defence project proposal on a "Smart Energy Training and Assessment Camp (SETAC)" is under development. Experts can receive more information at one of the events where NATO will be present (see "Calendar").

Some of the activities related to Smart Energy have been supported by NATO’s Science for Peace and Security (SPS) Programme.

This Smart Energy LibGuide was created in 2011 and is maintained by ESCD. It serves as an information-sharing and awareness raising platform. Your contribution to this LibGuide with relevant, public material is highly appreciated. You can contact us here.