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"Diplomacy offers the only viable solution to the crisis in Ukraine"
This LibGuide is intended to provide a few starting points to assist you with your research on issues related to NATO's relations with Ukraine.
From the NATO Topic Page: Relations with Ukraine.
Good places to start your research include:
On 2 March 2014 the North Atlantic Council condemned the Russian Federation’s military escalation in Crimea and expressed its grave concern regarding the authorization by the Russian Parliament to use the armed forces of the Russian Federation on the territory of Ukraine.
On 16 March, the North Atlantic Council considered the so-called referendum held on 16 March in Ukraine’s Autonomous Republic of Crimea to be both illegal and illegitimate (NATO's relations with Russia).
On 1 April 2014, NATO Foreign Ministers stated : « …In order to demonstrate our commitment to Ukraine, we will intensify our cooperation in the framework of our Distinctive Partnership. Today NATO and Ukraine have agreed, as set out in the statement by the NATO-Ukraine Commission, to implement immediate and longer-term measures in order to strengthen Ukraine’s ability to provide for its own security.…” (NATO-Russia Council). Following a request from Ukraine, NATO deployed an advisory support team of civil experts to Kyiv to advise the authorities on their civil contingency plans and crisis-management measures related to critical energy infrastructure and civil protection risks. In parallel, NATO has helped coordinate the provision of humanitarian assistance and medical capabilities in support of Ukrainian internally displaced persons.
At the Wales Summit (5 September 2014), NATO Allies approve the NATO Readiness Action Plan - a comprehensive package of necessary measures to respond to the changes in the security environment on NATO's borders and further afield.
On 31 October 2014, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg stated: « …the planned 'elections' organised by self-appointed and armed rebel groups in parts of Ukraine's Donetsk and Luhansk regions, due to take place on 2 November, undermine efforts towards a resolution of the conflict, violating Ukrainian laws and running directly counter to the Minsk agreements co-signed among others by the two self-proclaimed 'republics' and by Russia.…” (NATO-Russia Council)
Since 2014, in the wake of the Russia-Ukraine conflict, cooperation between NATO and Kyiv has been intensified in five critical areas - under the framework of the NATO Partnership for Peace (PfP) Trust Fund policy (see NATO Response to the Russia-Ukraine Conflict):
On 29 January 2015, in talks with Ukrainian Foreign Minister Pavlo Klimkin, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg stresses NATO’s solidarity with Ukraine.
"On 12 February 2015, after more than 16 hours of negotiations in Minsk, the leaders of Germany, France, Russia and Ukraine reached an agreement to end fighting in eastern Ukraine. Representatives of the OSCE, Ukraine, Russia, and the pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine signed the deal, which includes a ceasefire in eastern Ukraine, to begin on 15 February, followed by the withdrawal of heavy weapons" (Source: European Parliamentary Research Service).
On 13 May 2015, during the Foreign Ministers meeting in Turkey, the NATO-Ukraine Commission released a Joint Statement: « …We [NATO Allies] will continue to strengthen our cooperation as Ukraine proceeds with work on defence and security sector reforms, strategic communications, and capacity-building projects through the Science for Peace and Security Programme. We look forward to Ukraine’s hosting of the field exercise of the Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination Centre in September 2015 in Yavoriv near Lviv. Ukraine looks forward to further deepening its strategic dialogue and information exchange with the Alliance…”. "NATO stands firm in support for Ukraine": the same day in Antalya (Turkey), the NATO Secretary General concluded: "Our partnership is strong, and getting stronger."
In June 2015, in response to a request from Ukraine, NATO agreed to launch a sixth Trust Fund on Counter-Improvised Explosive Devices and Explosive Ordnance Disposal.
On 16 December 2015, NATO and Ukraine sign Defence-Technical Co-operation Roadmap in order to modernize the country's defense industry and capabilities.
On 14 April 2016, Deputy Secretary General Alexander Vershbow reaffirms support for Ukraine at Kyiv Security Forum (NATO, 15 April 2016).
In the Warsaw Summit Communiqué, issued on 9 July 2016, the Heads of States and Governments called for "an independent, sovereign, and stable Ukraine, firmly committed to democracy and the rule of law" (See also At their meeting in Warsaw on 9 July 2016, the Heads of State and Government of the NATO-Ukraine Commission endorsed the Comprehensive Assistance Package (CAP) for Ukraine.
Following the Warsaw Summit, Deputy Secretary General Alexander Vershbow met Ukraine's Acting Chief of Mission to NATO (14 July 2016).
During the Meeting of NATO Ministers of Foreign Affairs held in Brussels in December 2016, Minister Klimkin said the CAP, agreed in July, had already started to be implemented: "Ukraine has now implemented 120 NATO standards in its Armed Forces as part of the modernization of Ukrainian Armed Forces." (Press conference by NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg following the meeting of the NATO-Ukraine Commission at the level of Foreign Ministers, 8 December 2016).
On 9 February 2017, NATO Deputy Secretary General Rose Gottemoeller welcomed the Prime Minister of Ukraine, Volodymyr Groysman at NATO HQ and stated: "NATO does not, and will not, recognise the illegal annexation of Crimea and we condemn Russia’s continuing destabilisation of eastern Ukraine.. [...] NATO will continue to provide political and practical support to Ukraine. Through our Comprehensive Assistance Package, and through Trust Funds." (Joint press point with NATO Deputy Secretary General Rose Gottemoeller and the Prime Minister of Ukraine, Volodymyr Groysman, 9 February 2017).
Following the explosion in eastern Ukraine on 23 April 2017, the NATO Secretary General expressed his condolences to the loved ones of the OSCE paramedic killed and those wounded in the incident. In a meeting of the NATO-Ukraine Commission on 25 April, Ukraine’s Vice Prime Minister for European and Euro-Atlantic Integration, Ivanna Klympush-Tsintsadze briefed Allies on Ukraine’s reform efforts and annual implementation plans. (NATO-Ukraine Commission addresses Ukraine’s reform agenda, 25 April 2017).
In order to mark the twentieth anniversary since the signing of the Distinctive Partnership between NATO and the Ukraine, and at the invitation of the Ukrainian authorities, the North Atlantic Council (NAC) chaired by NATO Secretary General, Mr. Jens Stoltenberg, visited Ukraine on 9-10 July 2017 (See also: NATO Secretary General stresses Alliance’s strong support for Ukraine, 10 July 2017). A meeting of the NATO-Ukraine Commission with the President of Ukraine, Mr. Petro Poroshenko took place on 10 July (Joint statement of the NATO-Ukraine Commission).