Skip to main content


Hybrid Warfare: Home


When searching for information on this topic, potentially useful keywords to use include :

  • hybrid conflicts
  • hybrid threats
  • hybrid war
  • hybrid tactics
  • hybrid trolling
  • ambiguous warfare
  • full-spectrum conflict
  • unconventional/conventional warfare
  • non-linear warfare
  • NATO Capstone Concept
  • political warfare
  • information warfare
  • asymmetric warfare
  • irregular/regular warfare
  • gray wars
  • compound warfare
  • sub-conventional threats
  • multi-domain battle

Subscribe to new articles

To receive notification of recent articles added to this LibGuide, copy and paste the link below and add it to your RSS reader.

For information on subscribing to RSS feeds, please see NATO - RSS feeds.

**URL for RSS feed has changed, please update your reader with the new URL below**


This LibGuide includes links to content found on the web (e.g. websites, news & blogs, reports, etc.) as well as a select number of articles and books available from the NATO Multimedia Library.

Please note that this is not a comprehensive collection of material on hybrid warfare. The selection criteria for the websites and documents included was based on each item's currency and relevancy to this topic. 

Furthermore, quick search boxes for online databases subscribed by the Library (available to staff working at NATO HQ) as well as links to the library catalog are available for you to locate additional resources.


"We will ensure that NATO is able to effectively address the specific challenges posed by hybrid warfare threats, where a wide range of overt and covert military, paramilitary, and civilian measures are employed in a highly integrated design." from the NATO Wales Summit Declaration (2014)


This LibGuide is intended to provide a few starting points to assist you with your research on issues related to hybrid warfare, in particular in the NATO context.

According to NATO “Hybrid threats are those posed by adversaries, with the ability to simultaneously employ conventional and non conventional means adaptively in pursuit of their objectives”. (Source: “NATO countering the hybrid threat”, NATO ACT, 23 September 2011)

On 1 December 2015, during the Meetings of NATO Ministers of Foreign Affairs, a new strategy on hybrid warfare was approved. (Source: Press statements by the NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg and the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Federica Mogherini, 2 December 2015)

On 11 April 2017, several NATO Allies and European Union members came together in Helsinki (Finland), formally agreeing to establish a European Centre of Excellence for Countering Hybrid Threats. (Source: NATO)

Good places to start your research include :

In the international arena:

A selection of analyses: