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Energy Security

This LibGuide is intended to provide a few starting points to assist you with your research on issues related to energy security, in particular in the NATO context.


Energy security was included as a new topic in the NATO Riga Summit agenda (art. 45) in November 2006. Since then, "the North Atlantic Alliance has repeatedly emphasized a collective approach toward ensuring energy security, along with preserving a stable energy supply, maintaining the security of transportation facilities and transit routes, as well as developing NATO’s competence in protecting energy infrastructure." (Source: the Jamestown Foundation).

At the Bucharest Summit in April 2008, the Allies noted a report on “NATO’s Role in Energy Security,” which identifies guiding principles and outlines options and recommendations for further activities. These were reiterated at the Strasbourg-Kehl Summit in April 2009 and the Lisbon Summit in November 2010.

The report ("NATO's Role in Energy Security", a classified document) identified the five following key areas where NATO can provide added value:

  • information and intelligence fusion and sharing; 
  • projecting stability;
  • advancing international and regional cooperation;
  • supporting consequence management;
  • and supporting the protection of critical infrastructure.

Consultations started after the Bucharest Summit regarding the depth and range of NATO’s involvement in this issue. Both within the Alliance and with NATO’s partner countries, a number of practical programmes, such as workshops and research projects, are ongoing. In addition to these programmes, NATO also has an Energy Security Section which addresses issues in this field. (Source: NATO Topic page on NATO's role in energy security)

Futhermore, the new Strategic Concept (November 2010) tasks NATO to "develop the capacity to contribute to energy security, including protection of critical infrastructure and transit areas and lines, cooperation with partners, and consultations among Allies on the basis of strategic assessments and contingency planning."

"The availability of energy, including supply disruptions or volatile energy prices, can have far-reaching security implications. In this context, NATO is working to raise its collective awareness in this area and develop its competence in supporting the protection of critical energy infrastructure." (Source: 2016 Secretary General's Annual Report, p. 18 - launched on 13 March 2017).

Recommended Reading on NATO and Energy Security

NATO Pages:

A selection of analyses:

See also the Smart Energy LibGuideArctic Security LibGuide and the NATO-Russia Relations LibGuide.