Energy security was included as a new topic in the NATO Riga Summit agenda (art. 45) in November 2006. Since then, "the North Atlantic Alliance has repeatedly emphasized a collective approach toward ensuring energy security, along with preserving a stable energy supply, maintaining the security of transportation facilities and transit routes, as well as developing NATO’s competence in protecting energy infrastructure." (Source: the Jamestown Foundation).
Futhermore, the new Strategic Concept (November 2010) tasks NATO to "develop the capacity to contribute to energy security, including protection of critical infrastructure and transit areas and lines, cooperation with partners, and consultations among Allies on the basis of strategic assessments and contingency planning."
From the NATO Topic page on NATO's role in energy security:
NATO leaders recognize that the disruption of the flow of vital resources could affect Alliance security interests. At the Bucharest Summit in April 2008, the Allies noted a report on “NATO’s Role in Energy Security,” which identifies guiding principles and outlines options and recommendations for further activities. These were reiterated at the Strasbourg-Kehl Summit in April 2009 and the Lisbon Summit in November 2010.
The report identified the five following key areas where NATO can provide added value:
- information and intelligence fusion and sharing;
- projecting stability;
- advancing international and regional cooperation;
- supporting consequence management; and
- supporting the protection of critical infrastructure.
Consultations started after the Bucharest Summit regarding the depth and range of NATO’s involvement in this issue. Both within the Alliance and with NATO’s partner countries, a number of practical programmes, such as workshops and research projects, are ongoing. In addition to these programmes, NATO also has an Energy Security Section which addresses issues in this field
[NB: the report, "NATO's Role in Energy Security", is a classified (confidential) document]
This LibGuide is intended to provide a few starting points to assist you with your research on issues related to energy security, in particular in the NATO context.
Good places to start your research on this topic include :