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Energy Security: Home


When searching for information on this topic, potentially useful keywords to use include :

  • energy security
  • energy crisis + security
  • peak oil + security
  • oil and gas security
  • geopolitics of oil
  • energy security strategy
  • energy diplomacy

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This LibGuide includes links to content found on the web (e.g. websites, news & blogs, reports, etc.) as well as a select number of articles and books available from the NATO Multimedia Library.

Please note that this is not a comprehensive collection of material on energy security. The selection criteria for the websites and documents included was based on each item's currency and relevancy to this topic. 

Furthermore, quick search boxes for online databases subscribed by the Library (available to staff working at NATO HQ) as well as links to the library catalog are available for you to locate additional resources.


Energy security was included as a new topic in the NATO Riga Summit agenda (art. 45) in November 2006. Since then, "the North Atlantic Alliance has repeatedly emphasized a collective approach toward ensuring energy security, along with preserving a stable energy supply, maintaining the security of transportation facilities and transit routes, as well as developing NATO’s competence in protecting energy infrastructure." (Source: the Jamestown Foundation).

At the Bucharest Summit in April 2008, the Allies noted a report on “NATO’s Role in Energy Security,” which identifies guiding principles and outlines options and recommendations for further activities. These were reiterated at the Strasbourg-Kehl Summit in April 2009 and the Lisbon Summit in November 2010.

The report ("NATO's Role in Energy Security", a classified document) identified the five following key areas where NATO can provide added value:

  • information and intelligence fusion and sharing; 
  • projecting stability;
  • advancing international and regional cooperation;
  • supporting consequence management;
  • and supporting the protection of critical infrastructure.

Consultations started after the Bucharest Summit regarding the depth and range of NATO’s involvement in this issue. Both within the Alliance and with NATO’s partner countries, a number of practical programmes, such as workshops and research projects, are ongoing. In addition to these programmes, NATO also has an Energy Security Section which addresses issues in this field. (Source: NATO Topic page on NATO's role in energy security)

Futhermore, the new Strategic Concept (November 2010) tasks NATO to "develop the capacity to contribute to energy security, including protection of critical infrastructure and transit areas and lines, cooperation with partners, and consultations among Allies on the basis of strategic assessments and contingency planning."

"The availability of energy, including supply disruptions or volatile energy prices, can have far-reaching security implications. In this context, NATO is working to raise its collective awareness in this area and develop its competence in supporting the protection of critical energy infrastructure." (Source: 2016 Secretary General's Annual Report, p. 18 - launched on 13 March 2017)


This LibGuide is intended to provide a few starting points to assist you with your research on issues related to energy security, in particular in the NATO context.

Good places to start your research on this topic include :